Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell bolstered markets on Friday, as he signalled a potential future shift in US economic policy during his speech at the Jackson Hole Economic Symposium.
Previously, Powell had said the US would continue its asset-purchase programme until it felt employment and price stability goals had been met. On Friday, he said: “My view is that the ‘substantial further progress’ test has been met for inflation. There has also been clear progress toward maximum employment.”
While acknowledging challenges remain in place – not least the continuing spread of the COVID-19 Delta variant in many US states – Powell said the Fed may begin slowly reducing the pace of asset purchases this year.
David Page, Head of Macro Research at AXA Investment Managers noted: “We argue that a key shift in language between the minutes of July’s FOMC meeting and today’s speech suggests that the Fed is poised between announcing a tapering of its assets in December (our outlook to date) and a little earlier in November. We consider data releases over the coming months as critical in that determination, but for now continue to suggest that an announcement in December is most likely.”
Tapering asset purchases won’t necessarily mean a change to interest rates, however, as the Federal Reserve has articulated a “different and substantially more stringent test” that must be passed before any increase in that regard, Powell said.
The certainty that Powell’s words provided had an immediate effect on markets, with both the Nasdaq and S&P 500 immediately growing into further record territory as a result.
This capped off a good week for US equities, which had been climbing throughout the week. The S&P 500 had fallen the week prior, but made up for these losses early in the week to finish the week at a new record high.
With the US economy so important globally, it’s perhaps not too surprising that Powell’s speech also affected non-US markets. The FTSE 100 finished the week up slightly, partly thanks to a surge in values on Friday afternoon.
The STOXX Europe 600 finished the week flat. Despite closing only an hour after the scheduled start time of Powell’s speech, it still ended the week with growth on Friday, however this wasn’t enough to make up for falls earlier in the week. European shares were also hit by falling German consumer confidence, as reported by market research company GfK on Thursday. The survey of around 2,000 Germans found the public had become increasingly concerned by rising prices and increasing COVID-19 cases.
A number of Asian markets continued to reel from China’s regulatory crackdown. As well a s its pressure on tech companies and monopolistic behaviours, Chinese President Xi Jinping has outlined measures targeting income regulation and wealth redistribution – potentially dampening prospects for luxury brands with strong sales in China.
While this might have rattled markets in the short term, Martin Hennecke, Asia Investment Director at St. James’s Place, pointed to the recent listing of China Telecom, the biggest flotation in the A-share market in a decade, and the strong market for initial public offerings (IPOs) in Hong Kong, to suggest that it is unlikely the importance of China’s private sector is going to dissipate anytime soon. He added: “In fact, it currently contributes approximately 60% of China’s GDP, is responsible for 70% of innovation, 80% of urban employment and provides 90% of new jobs.”
He added that, while it’s understandable that the flurry of recent regulatory interventions causes investor questions and concerns, this should serve as a timely reminder of the importance of diversification across both sectors and global markets.
Golf has undoubtedly experienced an incredible upswing in popularity, despite – or perhaps because of – the enforced coronavirus restrictions. In May, the governing body, the R&A, revealed that there was an incredible 2.3 million extra golfers in 2020.1
In June, St. James’s Place Wealth Management joined the partnership programme of The Professional Golfers’ Association. As part of the four-year deal, PGA members can access financial advice – from simple protection or mortgage help to more complex Inheritance Tax or pension planning – from a local St. James’s Place adviser.
There are, in fact, plenty of parallels between performing well on the golf course and being smart about tax. For both, goal setting and planning for the long term – usually with the guidance of an expert – are critical to reaping big rewards.
And, according to Tony Clark, Senior Propositions Manager at St. James’s Place, “Tax is core to most people’s financial planning; so if you are trying to manage it on your own, there is a good chance you’ll miss something – perhaps concerning tax allowances and reliefs – and hit the equivalent of a bunker. But a trusted adviser, like a good caddie, knows where the obstacles are, can help you cut through and show you what is essential, so you make expert decisions.”
If you would like help identifying simple but effective tax-saving opportunities, please get in touch about completing a Tax Health Check.
Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage.
The levels and bases of taxation, and reliefs from taxation, can change at any time and are generally dependent on individual circumstances.
1,2 R&A, 2020 GB&I Golf Participation Report, 25 May 2021
In it we speak with some of Britain’s athletic champions about the parallels between high-performance sport and investing. We also show how individual investors concerned about climate change can make their money a force for good. And finally, we examine the value of financial advice at key moments in our lives.
These are challenging times for the public we serve, as the pandemic and its unprecedented toll on health and economic activity linger. But I will end on a positive note. Before the pandemic, we all saw the extraordinary benefits that a strong labor market can deliver to our society. Despite today’s challenges, the economy is on a path to just such a labor market, with high levels of employment and participation, broadly shared wage gains, and inflation running close to our price stability goal.
Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell on the health of the US economy.
AXA Investment Managers is a fund manager for St. James’s Place.
The information contained is correct as at the date of the article. The information contained does not constitute investment advice and is not intended to state, indicate or imply that current or past results are indicative of future results or expectations. Where the opinions of third parties are offered, these may not necessarily reflect those of St. James’s Place.
Source: London Stock Exchange Group plc and its group undertakings (collectively, the “LSE Group”). ©LSE Group 2020. FTSE Russell is a trading name of certain of the LSE Group companies.
“FTSE Russell®” is a trade mark of the relevant LSE Group companies and is used by any other LSE Group company under license. All rights in the FTSE Russell indexes or data vest in the relevant LSE Group company which owns the index or the data. Neither LSE Group nor its licensors accept any liability for any errors or omissions in the indexes or data and no party may rely on any indexes or data contained in this communication. No further distribution of data from the LSE Group is permitted without the relevant LSE Group company’s express written consent. The LSE Group does not promote, sponsor or endorse the content of this communication.
© S&P Dow Jones LLC 2021; all rights reserved